Thursday, 25 December 2008
My three year old daughter and her beautiful smile saved the day. Looking at her I feel humbled, she is still totally happy with quite simple things.
Oh and then there's the prospect of fresh organically grown vegetables for Christmas dinner.
What's on the menu?
- A little home grown Giant Winter Spinach.
- Leeks (we have enough to last until February)
- Brussel Sprouts reared in pots
- Fresh Sage for Sage and Onion Stuffing
- Potato Dauphinoise with plenty of home grown garlic from the store
Didn't grow the carrots in the picture, great colour though. Maybe next year.
Enjoy yours and Happy Christmas all.
Wednesday, 17 December 2008
There are FIVE books I haven't commented on yet. So here's why I like them:
1.GROW VEGETABLES - GREEN ESSENTIALS by Pauline Pears
This would make a great stocking filler for anyone who is thinking about growing their own. Lovely pictures and gives you the basics to start. You can read it in fifteen minutes.
2.ALLOTMENT GARDENING: AN ORGANIC GUIDE FOR BEGINNERS by Susan Berger. Useful for someone on the waiting list for a plot, or who is just starting off. Sound and clear advice, what to do month by month and hearty recipes.
3.GROWING FRUIT AND VEGETABLES (organically) ON A BED SYSTEM - by Pauline Pears Everything you need to know on this topic - including really smart planting plans for small spaces.
4.HOW TO STORE YOUR GARDEN PRODUCE by Piers Warren
Growing your own is all very well, but to save money and time you need to store your produce properly. This book shows you how, with dinky illustrations.
5.ORGANIC GARDENING - the NO DIG WAY by Charles Dowding.
Thanks Charles, for giving us inspiration and saving me time and energy with your no-dig sense. I'm a fan.
So folks, like I said, if you're floundering around for gifts, you can't go wrong if you buy these. Order today or tomorrow and they'll be with you in time for Christmas.... have a good one...
Here's the store link once again: http://astore.amazon.co.uk/quesgardtime-21
If you like this blog, buying from this link helps me to carry on writing it!
WHY DO THEY DO IT TO THEMSELVES?
Alright, I understand some people LIKE digging. Good luck to them and if they really need the extra exercise, then fine.
But some of the finest organic gardeners like CHARLES DOWDING
http://www.charlesdowding.co.uk/ haven't DUG for the past TWENTY FIVE YEARS.
If the NO-DIG approach is good enough for a highly successful organic market gardener like Charles, then it's good enough for me!
Here's how I went about establishing my own no-dig system in brief:
Using a LOOSEN and LIFT system I removed all the perennial weeds I could find (things like dandelions, nettles and thistles) with a fork.
I don't intend to DIG OVER my plot ever again now that the majority of these weeds are out. All the evidence I've found (including my own practical experience) tells me that digging can actually INCREASE the rate at which weeds regrow, and it can actually DAMAGE rather than IMPROVE the soil structure. So I now use mulching to keep the weeds down. (I'll come back to this one)
As you can see from previous posts - I'm raising my own plug plants at home to plant out, so I rarely need the 'fine tilth' that mainstream gardening books often speak about. (When the small plants are planted out, they are generally sturdy enough to copy with larger soil particles). In the main I would spend the time having a break - sitting on my deck chair and letting the WORMS do the hard work.
To those who remain sceptics I'd say - spend some time with Charles Dowding's site http://www.charlesdowding.co.uk/. Don't knock it until you've tried it and you could save yourself a lot of time and trouble!
Sunday, 14 December 2008
Opposites don't always attract - I'd got fed up with the programme in the past, as they only seemed to be talking about obscure (and expensive) flowers I'd never heard of.
Lately though, I've been listening in more regularly as they seem to be doing (more useful and free) tips on fruit and vegetable growing. Today's offering featured a question close to our budget conscious hearts:
'IS IT REALLY CHEAPER TO GROW YOUR OWN?' (especially with the supermarkets battling it out with discount fruit and veg...)
Peter Seabrook (Gardening Editor of 'The Sun'), Juliet Roberts (editor of 'Gardens Illustrated') and Tim Rumball (of 'Amateur Gardening' magazine) exchanged contrasting views.
Tim kicked off the debate with a suprisingly critical take on mainstream gardening media:
'I'm a fanatic fruit and veg grower - but I do think though that we have a PROBLEM...and that problem is that we are leading the public astray (I've been guilty of this) by encouraging them to grow fruit and vegetables at home with the false promise that it is EASY and that it will save them money - the truth is that it NOT EASY and it almost certainly won't save you money. There's no more certain way of putting people off gardening than FAILURE.'
Juliet reckoned your own veg plot might not save you money, but for the 'greater good' it was important, as it reduced freight costs, environmental costs and packaging.
Peter wished 'more of the media people would actually grow their own', as the 'advice new entrants received was often misleading'.
Here are the panel's positive tips in brief:
- Grow your own, it's a fantastic thing to do, you'll get the best produce ever, you can experiment - but be prepared to spend a little time learning and getting it right.
- Buy some books, seek out some gardening friends, learn as much as you can - have fun whilst you are experimenting...
- Try and find a MENTOR...and when they give you advice, and if it doesn't work GO BACK TO THEM - don't get advice from lots of sources.
All in all, quite a good discussion - what a shame no one on the panel mentioned ORGANIC GROWING and how it can save you money, resources, CO2 emissions...
(If you didn't catch GARDENER'S QUESTION TIME today, use the LISTEN AGAIN function on the BBC website - click here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/gqt/
Wednesday, 10 December 2008
It's not too late in the year to try kitchen garden trench composting.
You can do this up until Christmas if the weather allows. It is particularly useful for people who might have moved into a new house and lost their top soil (sometimes the builders take it away and sell it) - or for people who need to enrich free draining sandy soil. Kitchen waste is a free resource and come Spring you can plant beans, peas or courgettes on the bed and they will love the enriched and moisture retentive soil.
Here is how I used this technique in a raised bed:
STEP ONE - Dig a trench or hole about one spade deep.
STEP TWO - Collect some kitchen waste - vegetable and fruit matter only please, not including potato peelings - (they sometimes sprout) or cooked waste. I kick start the composting process at home with Bokashi bran - which is really useful to use if you only have a small kitchen. I get mine online along from 'Recycle Now' http://www.recyclenow.com/ along with other reasonably priced composting items (including compost bins) but they should have it in your garden centre.
What's the scene on your high street just now? Ours is stuffed full of contradictions. There's the glitter and the stressed out (but still smiling) faces...
Shop windows shout huge discounts. Inside staff wonder if they'll have a job in the New Year.
People are falling behind on their mortgage repayments. More homelessness. Teachers know the changes will affect the leafy-laned schools as well as the inner cities as pupil behaviour is set to worsen as the recession hits.
It's a good three years since I wrote 'Fuelling the Future' - a feature first published in 'The Green Parent' magazine. It's about 'Peak Oil' and the effect it is having on the global economy. It was a challenging piece to write, and it changed me. You can read it here: http://www.franceslaing.co.uk/features.html
The picture shows a 'Newton Wonder' apple tree I inherited from a previous occupant of my allotment. It is a good size and must be at least forty years old. I pruned it quite heavily, planted a clover and rye grass lawn around, and gave it a dressing of manure. This year the crop was amazing - and the apples stayed on until December.
The Guardian reported today :
For millions of people in developing countries, eating the minimum amount ofI take my questions with me to the veg patch.
food every day to live an active and healthy life is a distant dream...(from the U.N Food and Agriculture Organisation's hunger report).
If there is a widespread recognition that the UK food system's 'dependence on oil will have to change' - why are governments and local authorities so slow to act in support of people who want to grow their own?
There are still a number of derelict plots on our site. And there shouldn't be (we have a waiting list). It's a huge challenge to bring land like this back into circulation and a lot more should be done to help those brave souls who are willing to try...
Wednesday, 3 December 2008
Firstly thank you all - my readership for staying with this blog while it develops. I really appreciate it - and all the lovely (and critically encouraging) comments I've received so far - face-to-face and by email. I was honestly really heartened to see that more and more people are following this. Cheers.
Here's a photo of our half plot, which was taken last week. I've called this post 'Crop Rotation for Beginners'. I'm not sure that covers it, but we have to start somewhere, don't we?
It's a bit of a scruffy picture - but if you look carefully it reveals quite a few labour and cost saving techniques which may be useful to you on your own patch.
A year ago, this square plot was covered in nettles, brambles and bindweed. Using the black plastic techniques described in the post 'Reclaiming a derelict allotment' I prepared it for planting. As you can see it is now divided into seven fairly rough looking beds with a path in the middle made of cardboard with wood chip on top.
We are not the 'Ideal Homes' exhibition, so although I like pretty gardens - I also like things that work. Keeping our eye on the ball here - our main goal is easy and reasonably priced organically grown produce - not keeping up with the Joneses. If you're taking your vegetables home though, don't forget to put the largest and loveliest ones on the top of your basket!
A path like this is quick and cheap to make because the cardboard comes free with a parcel, and every now and then someone deposits wood chip on our allotment site which we don't have to pay for. The path usually only lasts a season, but I find this is okay as it is early days for this half plot, and I don't want beds that are set in stone, as I may decide to make them larger or smaller according to our needs at a later date. I also want to observe and learn from the soil and the weather as I go along. Partly in the interests of general efficiency but also because it calms the mind.
Looking at the picture - starting in the far left hand corner and moving around the plot in a clockwise direction we currently have a bed of leeks, followed by garlic planted in October, autumn planted onions just sprouting and still covered in netting to keep the birds off, more leeks, an empty bed ready for planting, garlic, and more leeks.
This square plot also has a Comfrey bed at the edge (out of the picture on the right) and if you look carefully you can see that it is edged by small bushes which are Cherry Plums (I'll come back both the Cherry Plums and the Comfrey in later posts). Now these are pretty (or they will be when they flower in February).
The beds are very simply constructed. They are nothing more than mounds of earth with sloping sides. If you have a large area to deal with (we have one whole plot and a half plot), or your budget doesn't stretch to timber or reconstituted plastic raised beds, making them like this is a good option. The leeks have grown really well so far. You can see a few weeds around them, I did hand weed them a bit when they were smaller but when the cold weather set in, I didn't really bother and it doesn't seem to have done them much damage.
Of course there's a lot to say about crop rotation - we'll touch on this again or you can read more about it in some of the books I've mentioned. Basically though it means not planting things in the same place season after season and year after year.
I don't know yet what these are going to be yet (something to think about on those cold winter nights by the fire). I might have to go back to my seed organiser board - have a look what I've got and maybe order some new ones. If I'm following a good crop rotation system though, I'll bear one thing in mind:
Most of the crops currently growing on this half plot belong to the onion (Allium) family so whatever comes after this should be a member of a different plant family, potatoes for example (which, along with tomatoes belong to the Solanceae family).
Why go to all this trouble? It makes sense to me now to move crops around. You remember the slight touch of leek rust that I told you about last month? As I found out it is a fungal disease, and if I grew leeks (or onions) or other crops in that plant family in the same place all the time, it is fairly likely that this particular disease would gain more of a hold in the soil. So instead I understand it is better to ring the changes and put other crops in that are not susceptible to this particular thing. Simple.
Tuesday, 2 December 2008
American Land Cress. Looks succulent and delicious, doesn't it?
Tastes very similar to water cress but (being land cress) you don't need water to grow it.
I mean - you need some water obviously, to water it - but you don't need to grow it in a stream or anything like that.
I sowed this batch of seeds in my plug planter back in September this year and planted the seedlings out when they were about two inches tall.
Looking forward to using it in salads, (egg?) sandwiches - I'm on the look out for new recipes too. Soup might be good - posh starters for a Christmas dinner perhaps...
Took this picture on one of the coldest days this week - so I know this crop will withstand a frost - in Cheshire at least. Seems like a really useful thing to grow. Especially since a small bag of organically grown water cress will set you back around £2 these days. If you can find it, that is.
This is the second time I've tried sowing land cress this year. The first batch I put in back in March - but those went to seed (bolted) almost immediately and we couldn't eat them. Land cress seems to prefer colder conditions and some shade. So now I know. I'm better off sowing these in September and keeping them for winter and Christmas greens.
UPDATE: Just found this link for a watercress soup recipe - using the white parts of leeks and cream. Enjoy!
Tuesday, 25 November 2008
I sat at breakfast in a hotel in London once with a European plant disease specialist. It was really entertaining (told you I was geeky).
This guy takes no chances on his own allotment: 'Let me tell you - all sorts of things spread easily on your wellingtons, you know'.
Instead of one central compost heap, our friend has dozens of them - all dotted about on the plot - carefully arranged so that he doesn't need to make unnecessary journeys and carry vegetation across his patch - instead it goes straight into the nearest hot compost heap.
After this encounter I got quite paranoid for a while and spent a lot of time thinking about plant diseases. Every time I came home from the lottie my boots went straight in the hot wash. I'm better now...
Here is a problem parsnip. As you can see
a) It is a funny mangled shape and
b) It has some small orange specks on it
The troubled vegetable in question is lying on the carrot family page of Pauline Pears' excellent and useful publication: 'The Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening' - for more about this book click the link:
It turns out that back in February when I planted the blighter I should have avoided a spot which had been recently manured. That explains the forking.
According to the parsnips, pests and diseases section in the back of the book, the small orange spots are canker (a fungal disease). There are three different colours of this. Bet you didn't know that.
The good news is that apart from fine tuning my crop rotation (I'll come back to that one too) - it won't affect my kitchen gardener plans for crispy little parsnip chips. They take a little bit longer to peel but the orange bits come off and don't affect the quality of the dish.
Hot tip: if you feel inspired and want to see the orange canker close up - just enlarge the photo
Monday, 24 November 2008
I've only recently realised how important timing really is in gardening. You can extend the season to a certain extent with cloches or greenhouses but if you miss your window to sow something, you sometimes end up missing out on it completely. Either that or growing it becomes more difficult, because the right conditions are not there: daylight hours, light, warmth from the sun...
I'm making a big effort to cut down on wasting seed and produce too, (because I've bought the same thing twice, say and I can't use it all), or because I've grown too much all at once and the glut of lettuces ends up in the compost.
So here is my new garden seed organiser. It set me back about twenty quid. You could make one yourself along the same lines, though. So far I like the principle of this one:
1. First you put your seeds into the different slots January, February and so on
2. As soon as you have sown your batch of seeds you move the packets on to the next month.
That way, you stop wasting so many seeds and avoid the glut and famine scenario, if you get my gist.
The technical term for all this is: succession sowing. I'd been trying to do it for a while now, but sometimes got distracted, so I hope this nifty device is going to help. I've resolved to sow certain things (like lettuces) once a fortnight (on the 1st and the 15th. of every month) next year. I'll let you know how I get on with it. Of course life sometimes gets in the way...
I spent quite some time putting my dog-eared packets of seeds into the organiser. The process was useful though, as it made me look at the packets again, and reminded me of what I liked last year, what didn't work very well and what I didn't get round to sowing at all because I wasn't organised enough!
Wednesday, 19 November 2008
The book on the left is 'Diggers Diary - Tales from the allotment' by Victor Osborne, journalist and former allotment columnist for the Telegraph.
Monday, 17 November 2008
I've been there too. It is possible and I'd like to make it easier for you than it was for me. If more gardens or derelict allotments are reclaimed it benefits us all, doesn't it? More site security, more gardens instead of paved over driveways, less pollution, better quality of life... you know the score.
So let me wind back my allotment scenario to June 2006. My two plots (I took on one whole plot and later on another half plot) were amongst twenty or so which had been derelict for ten years or more.
But slowly and surely the plot came together. Organically. I wouldn't have it any other way. Describing all of the techniques I used in two and a half years of work would be too much for one blog post so I will be coming back to this topic again - (look out for the heading - Converting a Derelict Allotment). To whet your appetite though here's another picture I took in early Spring of 2007.
Not a very picturesque image, but it shows some of the nifty techniques I used. Here are just some of them:
When I took the plot on, I cleared the heavy undergrowth and brambles by hand with a scythe. This sounds like heavy going, but actually it was much easier than using a petrol powered cutter which would have constantly broken down because the undergrowth was so dense. I'd never used one before and - taught myself. It did mean I could pace myself and hear the birds sing while I worked. Even though it's an urban site, when you're out on the plot you could mistake it for the heart of the countryside.
Wednesday, 12 November 2008
On a cold, November day I venture out to the allotment. Cycling through some very large puddles I arrive there. Soaked to the skin.
Decide to pull up some raddichio. Wet, wet, wet clay soil clinging to the leaves - awful. Tatty and awful. Set off home again. It gets dark early - 4. o'clock in the afternoon. Geesh. More rain. Is it all worth it? At home I put the fire on and examine the sad specimens on our kitchen table...
Wait. The roots look long and strong. It doesn't seem to mind our heavy soil..
Peeling off the outside leaves unearths a slug-free gloriously crisp sea of crimson. I'm so glad I bothered. Lovely to see such colour now.
(I found raddichio very easy to grow and I guess the heads cost us in total about 5p each. I've eaten it before in upmarket Italian restaurants but never so fresh, and never organically grown. So far we've eaten it with goats cheese, olive oil, bacon... - I understand the heads can be stored until Christmas - though I haven't tried this yet. My thinking is - it might make a lovely Christmas day starter...All in all it is a really useful crop to grow and harvest in November. We will definitely grow it again next year).
For more information about raddicchio click this link:
Tuesday, 11 November 2008
There are thousands of (expensive) books out there about gardening - and quite a few about organic fruit and vegetable growing. Confusing isn't it?
During the weeks up to Christmas, I'm going to tell you what I think about just NINE of them. That means only the ones I've found:
- Really useful during the last two and half years OR
- Hugely entertaining (and suitable for Christmas gifts?)and/or
- Good enough to spend my own money on!
CLICK HERE TO SEE THE COMPLETE LIST : http://astore.amazon.co.uk/quesgardtime-21
(BOOK NUMBER ONE) is Bob Flowerdew's 'The No Work Garden':
Bob has a few books out there. This one does exactly what it says on the tin, he tells us 'how to get the most out of our garden with the least amount of work'.
I most valued the way he dismantles some of the conventional myths you hear about gardening, in particular about autumn digging. Alright we know that some people like it. We also know that you need to get your perennial weeds out and compost them carefully. But once that is done, you can really start the transition to a no dig approach, save your back and work more efficiently.
'Keep your eye on the ball' Bob says. 'If you want tasty veg, but your neighbour grows prize winning specimens, don't be distracted.'
There's more information and reviews on the Amazon store link. Yes, you're right - it is advertising and I do earn a small commission if you buy there.
I'm working for free right now - most bloggers know how long it takes to get a successful blog up and running. So if you like 'Questioners Garden Time' and plan to buy one of these books, support me and buy it via the link!
Alternatively, drop a heavy gift hint with your loved ones or ask for it at your local library:
CLICK ON COMMENTS TO LET ME KNOW YOUR VIEWS AND IF YOU LIKE THIS BLOG - TELL YOUR FRIENDS!
Monday, 10 November 2008
'GROCERY STORE WARS' by Free Range Studios: ('the freshest socially conscious entertainment on the web').
To see it, click on this link:
or click around the Free Range site:
http://www.freerangestudios.com/ - you'll find lots more good stuff there. Honest.
Saturday, 8 November 2008
For the past two and half years (since we took on our then derelict allotment) - I've been on a very fast learning curve. Experimented quite a bit. Made some expensive mistakes. Read quite a few books. Talked to lots of people.
Some of the information I came across was brilliant. I wish I'd found it before - it might have saved me time and money.
Much of the stuff I had to wade through though was confusing and not very practical. Some of it was misleading - and some of the views held by a few people I talked to were too dogmatic and it put me off.
What I'd like to do here is share what I've learned and hopefully make things easier.
Wednesday, 5 November 2008
You may be forgiven for thinking this is simply a pie. For an allotment geek like me - it is nothing less than a way of life. Leeks are wonderful, relatively easy and useful things to grow in your garden or allotment. I can understand why the Celts thought they were sacred plants.
It doesn't matter if they don't look pristine. It doesn't make any difference to the taste (see yesterday's comments). Anyway - don't worry - I'm coming back to the subject of growing veg in general and leeks in particular in future posts.
It's a passion of mine now- the challenge of growing and storing food easily especially in the cold seasons of the year. That inner Anglo-Saxon peasant?
Leeks are incredibly nutritious. And 'Allotment Party Pie' beats the credit crunch too. One of my favourite occupations these days - (she really doesn't get out much, you're thinking ) - is walking past the fruit and vegetable aisle in the supermarket - not buying anything anymore - but noticing how expensive everything is - and feeling smug. It's one of the best reasons to get growing.
I worked out that if I had made this huge 9 inch pie with organic leeks from the shop it would have blown our budget. Home made, with organic flour on special offer it cost me no more than £3.50. It serves twelve adults with baked potatoes and/or a salad. That's less than 25p a portion isn't it? And you could make a budget version if you wanted which would be even cheaper than that.
What else might be important for you, the person reading this blog? The recipe has undergone tough consumer testing which includes:
TEST NUMBER ONE:
I took it to a 'bring-and-share' bonfire party this week. Put it on the table. Went out to look at the bonfire. Returned five minutes later and it was GONE. I mean, the people at the party ATE IT ALL STRAIGHT AWAY. Plainly quite rude some might say. I was just happy they enjoyed it - but I did feel I had to make another one the next day for our own household.
TEST NUMBER TWO:
My little girl (aged 3) will eat it in her lunch box (only if it is freshly made) and this isn't a problem as the pie doesn't usually hang about in the fridge that long.
See what I mean by tough? So here's what you need to make it:
Allotment Party Pie - Ingredients:
1. Enough shortcrust pastry for your pie tin. (I make this one with a organic self-raising four and a pie tin that is large, metal and sturdy enough to crisp the pastry nicely) but you could make it with gluten free flour if you wanted to.
2. One packet of organic mature cheddar. (That's for the party version as it tastes fantastic) - but you could try mild, vegetarian, non-organic...whatever you have or what needs using up)
3. Five or six largish leeks, sliced fairly thinly and washed well.
4. Two fresh eggs if you like - I've made it without and tastes lovely without them too it just means more of a sauce for your baked spuds.
5. Some organic butter to fry the leeks in (lightly, you don't need to cook them much as it is going in the oven anyway).
6. Pepper. (I don't put any salt in as the cheese is so flavoursome)
7. You can add a little yoghurt if you like, or use more yoghurt and less cheese if you want to cut calories.
Make the pastry and place in pie/flan dish. Cut the cheese into very rough slices. Wash the leeks. Sautee them (fry them lightly until they are softening but NOT brown, stirring them round with wooden spoon. Take pan off the heat, add eggs/yoghurt and layer this mixture with the cheese in the pie dish, ending up with a layer of cheese on the top. Place in oven - medium heat until cooked through and lightly browned on top.
Finally, and back to my mission with this blog, making life (and food) easier - here is a time saving tip for the pastry:
Make a large batch of home made pastry mix and freeze it in bags or lunch boxes. That way, whenever you want to make a flan or pie you can take a few cups out of the bag - add the liquid and away you go...
Don't forget to let me know what YOU think of all this....a blog isn't a blog without a community, now is it?
Tuesday, 4 November 2008
Monday, 3 November 2008
So last May I planted Petunias in a window box. They cost £1 each from the local green grocer. They flowered continuously from Spring to early Autumn with very little maintenance (watering and deadheading) and they brightened our lives for months on end.
So there's my mission. I'm posting once a week at least by Wednesday. Stay tuned.